Language Science

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Language Science

 

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Language Sciences, also known as linguistics, is the scientific study of natural language, its structure, use and evolution as it is manifest in written texts and in the context of associated literature and culture. Linguistics attempts to understand how natural language is stored in the human brain and how it is part of everyday human behaviour. It draws upon aspects of anthropology, cognitive science, psychology, sociology, neuroscience and other related disciplines in order to understand the nature of human language, it components and how human mind process in order to engage in a contextual dialogue with others.

Language science is a broad field that cuts across many different areas of study, integrating social and biological sciences with computer science and engineering, It plays a crucial role in understanding the universality and diversity of human language, how language is acquired by individuals, and how it shapes human cognition and communication. Until today, linguists have used various methods, including experimental research, data analysis, and theoretical modelling, to investigate the aspects of language and contribute to the broader understanding of human communication.

 

“Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone.”

Language Structure

Language Science is the study that defines how natural language originated over time, how it is acquired, and how it has evolved. The synchronic study describes language shifts at a certain specific point of time. The diachronic is however, the historical development of language over several periods of time.

There are many ways to study language and language science, but this could not be reached without a total grasp of language properties and structure. Things in this universe are tied to rules. Rules are the frame that structures and organises things into meaningful entities. Language is an entity that has rules and it is through those rules that humans have set up a system of communication to understand and exchange knowledge.

“Most of the fundamental ideas of science are essentially simple, and may, as a rule, be expressed in a language comprehensible to everyone.”

Linguistic structures are pairings of meaning and form. Any particular pairing of meaning and form is a Saussurean linguistic sign. For instance, the meaning “cat” is represented worldwide with a wide variety of different sound and textual patterns. Linguistic patterns have proven their importance for the knowledge engineering field especially with the ever-increasing amount of available data.

Language Structure

There are five main parts of linguistics: the study of sounds (phonology), the study of parts of words, like “un-” and “-ing” (morphology), the study of word order and how sentences are made (syntax), the study of the meaning of words (semantics), and the study of the unspoken meaning of speech that is separate from the literal meaning of what is said (for example, saying “I’m cold” to get someone to turn off the fan (pragmatics). Each of those fields is related to each other. The study of meaning e.g requires a good understanding of grammar and grammar at its own turn requires a good grasp of morphology. This is exactly what makes linguistics challenging at first, but it’s also what makes it fun!

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Language Science

The Corpus Language Sciences, also known as linguistics, is the scientific study of natural language, its structure, use and evolution as…

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